United Nations Yola, Adamawa, Nigeria
Mar 07, 2018Full time
Background The North East in Nigeria, which includes the six states of Adamawa, Bauchi, Borno, Gombe, Taraba and Yobe has a combined population of almost 19 million and has been under insurgency attacks since 2009. The population accounts for about 13.5 percent of the national population (2006 Census). On 14th May, 2013, the Federal Government, in response to the growing spate of violence unleashed by the Boko Haram sect on citizens declared a State of Emergency in the 3 north eastern states of Adamawa, Borno and Yobe. The upsurge in terrorist activities of the Islamist sect in northern Nigeria, especially in the North East geo-political zone, has resulted in huge loss of lives, wanton destruction of properties and disregard for the sovereignty of the Nigerian state as evidenced in an earlier situation where the group was in control of more than 12 Local Government Authorities (LGAs) in Borno State in 2014. The combined insurgency and counter-insurgency activities in the region have had considerable negative effect on the people, such as mass displacement of the people, crippled socio-economic activities, livelihoods, food supplies, communication and worsened an already debilitating health delivery services. The displaced population are returning to their natural habitants but lack every basic necessities of lives including food and non-food times, shelter, sanitation and sustainable means of livelihoods. UNDP has supported the government to design and implement recovery projects which ensures linkage to the immediate humanitarian efforts with longer term sustainable development. Within UNDP’s recovery approach, emergency employment, immediate livelihoods recovery projects provided immediate jobs and livelihoods for the affected population, as well as, the wider local economy. To effectively address the needs of North-East Nigeria through a consolidated early recovery response, UNDP has established a Sub Office in Maiduguri, the capital of Adamawa State.